英國環團與建築商合作 給大自然和人一個家

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有沒有想過可以住在大自然之中, 與刺蝟、雨燕、貓頭鷹共享一個環境? 原來英國上年有建築商和環團合作, 嘗試在房屋發展中加入大自然的元素, 給大自然和人一個家。

在英國Kingsbrook發展計劃中, 一半是綠色建築, 包括果園, 刺蝟通道, 蠑螈水池, 適合蝙蝠、貓頭鷹和雨燕築巢的箱子, 和蜜鋒需要的蜜源植物。區內亦有自然野生動植物環境, 約一百個足球場大, 居民可自由出入。

建築商Barratt Homes三年前開始在設計階段加入可持續發展概念, 考慮所使用的物料、技術、土地(如棕土)和對附近生態的影響。她們主動接觸環保機構Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)合作, 在RSPB 8位專家上獲取有關生態保育的意見, 亦確保建築需要達到NPPF(National Planning Policy Framework)的規定。整個計劃的價值並不止於金錢利潤, 亦包括社會和環境的正面影響, 這種設計可以吸引喜歡環保的顧客。

建築商代表Sarah Pratt指英國每年興建260,000的房子,包括住宅和學校等, 但通常建築時的主要考慮就只有人, 如果將整個環境包括大自然亦考慮, 綠色建築設計可以是商機。 合作的環保機構RSPB的Darren Moorcroft認為環團不應該只是阻止環境問題發生, 而是應該積極製造對大自然有利的改變, 如參與建築計劃。

而如果將此概念搬到香港, 房地產和保育之間又如何平衡? 在最近的元朗峻巒保育區新聞中, 樓盤範圍內包含約5個香港大球場大的「生態保育區」, 業主需分擔日後管理保育區的管理費, 長春社指沙埔村項目並非規劃署定為濕地緩衝區或保育區當中,亦沒有條例綁死發展商去跟隨。 若香港希望建築與保育並重, 先要立法規管發展商保育具生態價值的環境。

參考資料:

1.  環保機構RSPB的新聞稿

2.  英國大型環保組織BNHC於2015年11月舉辦的環保會議“Challenging Partnerships”(具挑戰性的合作關係)

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綠化面積內有果園, 刺蝟通道, 蠑螈水池, 適合蝙蝠、貓頭鷹和雨燕築巢的箱子, 和蜜鋒需要的蜜源植物

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建築商Barratt和環保團體RSPB在英國Kingsbrook合作的項目圖:有一半是綠化面積, 亦有100 公頃的野生動植物公共空間(約100個足球場大)

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英國環保機構RSPB和建築商於環保會議中分享, 環團在建築計劃中可以如何積極參與

BioBlitz in China – 7th Shanghai BioBlitz

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We are excited to know that the 7th Shanghai BioBlitz was held in Oct, 2015. It attracted 180 students with the help of 20 experts. It might be fun to organize a BioBlitz competition among Hong Kong, Shanghai and even more places in China like Beijing, Sichuan or Yunan to see who might find the highest number of species!

“2015 BioBlitz for Shanghai Teenagers” attracted 180  teachers, students and parent representatives from primary and secondary schools of 9 districts and counties around Shanghai.

Guided by 20 experts of plants, birds, insects and aquatic life, participants were divided into four groups respectively in the four aspects to seek and identify biodiversity in the quasi-wetland. This wetland located along the Ecological Corridor of New Jiangwan Town, right to the opposite of Fu Dan Science Park Primary School.

Some information of Shanghai BioBlitz is shown as follows:

Co-hosted by:

- Shanghai Wildlife Conservation Association

- Shanghai Education Center of Science and Art

Co-operated by:

- Yangpu District Teenagers Science and Technology Station

- Fu Dan Science Park Primary School

Experts from:

- Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

- East China Normal University

- Shanghai Society for Entomology

- Shanghai Wildlife Conservation and Management Station

- School of Life Sciences of East China Normal University

- Shanghai Wildlife Conservation Association

- Yangpu District Teenagers Science and Technology Station

Source:

English: http://english.shyp.gov.cn/English/Detail.aspx?id=104696&cid=4586

Chinese: http://www.sh.chinanews.com/news/20151024/2006507.html

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Search wordings: #上海生物限时寻 #上海市Bioblitz生物限时寻探究活动 #生物限时寻 #ShanghaiBioBlitz

路邊野花不要採 路邊野花自己種 英國Grow Wild計劃

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小編早前來到英國Kew Garden, 遇到負責社區教育的Julia Willison和負責保育的Dr.  Colin Clubbe, 他們和我們分享了社區種植本地野生植物計劃的內容和經驗,小編很好奇香港可否套用類似環保活動的模式。

Julia在Grow Wild計劃中參與了設計,宣傳,推行和成效評估,她們希望社區中- 特別是年輕一代- 能有更多機會認識英國本地植物物種(native plant species) 和感受大自然,所以就開始這個計劃。

要令年輕人對本地野生植物感興趣,他們用了兩個方法。「我們就參加者的年紀,舉辨他們感興趣的比賽,15-25歲的參加者可以任何形式創意地表現植物的特性,勝出的三個團體每個可獲得500英磅(約6000港元)實行他們的藝術計劃, 有參加者以唱歌,跳舞和噴畫形式參賽,當日十分熱鬧。」Julia說同期亦有另一個比賽,鼓勵年輕人以創意用植物轉化公共空間,勝出者除獲得獎金外亦會由其他團體實行他們的計劃,過程中由專家提供種植建議。除了重視年輕人的創意,Julia再分享另一個方法,「我們亦善用twitter和facebook, 參加者可以用#hashtag與自己的朋友有更多互動,有些受歡迎的blogger和youtuber亦有分享我們的活動,整個計劃會更好玩。」

計劃背後亦有科學的幫助,為確保派出的野生植物種子有70-75%的生存率,他們會先以X光機探測種子的胚胎。專家亦會鑑定物種是屬於蘇格蘭,英格蘭抑或其他地方,再分發於該區的參加者。而某些花需要昆蟲傳播花粉,他們亦提供了一個蜜蜂可以居住的DIY小型三角形盒, 內有不同大小的管子,讓不同種類的蜜蜂傳播花粉和產卵。

Dr. Colin剛完成其他會議趕到與我們見面,他上月曾來香港分享Kew Garden的種植計劃。他表示香港亦可以推行種植計劃,「我在山頂看這城市,看到很多高樓大廈,其實香港也可以’Think globally, act locally’ !  可否將石屎森林的大廈外牆綠化? 想從小型計劃開始的話,亦可以用家中多餘的碗或茶壺種植小型植物,令大眾的生活中有更多植物原素。」

小編曾經在家種植過蔥和醜比頭盆栽,認同小型植物已經帶給自己很多滿足感,但綠化外牆可能需要更多資金和機構參與。Dr. Colin 隨即表示機構層面可以有更多嘗試和合作,「可以聯絡公司參與計劃的技術層面,亦可聯絡附近社區參與清潔運動,讓公眾有興趣監察和保育附近的自然環境。另一方面,可了解政府在政策層面的工作是否相關,如最近的《全球植物保護戰略》(GSPC) 是屬於《生物多樣性公約》(CBD) 框架內,機構可了解政府在當中的義務。」

Dr. Colin說我們可以種植和認識香港的本地植物,並表示Kew Garden網上資料庫搜羅了全球植物標本,包括香港的洋紫荊,通常由不同的科學家寄給他們。他更親身帶領我們參觀植物庫,看到有些植物標本已經超過一百多年歷史,在文件夾內有個更小型信封保存斷開的小枝葉,亦有不同年代管理員的字跡,看出他們對植物研究的重視。

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Kew Garden是有250年歷史的皇家植物園,科研團隊在研究植物和真菌類有很大貢獻。

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一踏入園中就看到一大片草地和一群悠然自得的鴨子。

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Grow Wild會給予參加團體或個別參加者當區的本地野生植物種子, 內有幾個品種的花, 種出來會更有驚喜。

 

 

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這是一個蜜蜂可以居住的DIY小型三角形盒, 內有不同大小的管子,讓不同物種的蜜蜂傳播花粉和產卵
如何DIY Bee House: https://www.growwilduk.com/content/build-your-bee-house

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這裡有約七百萬個植物標本, 是保存了全球最多植物標本的地方, 雖然不開放予公眾參觀, 但大家可在網上資料庫看植物資料, 小編用”HONG KONG”做關鍵字找到1095個香港植物資料。
網上資料庫可按此連結: http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/navigator.do

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因為有些植物部分很難收藏在文件夾中, 所以畫下當時的植物外型。

 

HKBioBlitz Media Coverage: Hong Kong Real “Ant-Man” Not Even Scared by Ant Bites (Apple Daily 8 Nov 2015)

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Last month saw Hong Kong’s first BioBlitz in which different wildlife experts and 300 secondary students worked together in Tai Tam for 30 hours to discover local biodiversity and record 578 species. Students got to know the creatures surrounding them from wildlife experts.

“Ant-Man” Dr. Benoit Guénard, Assistant Professor at the Hong Kong University School of Biological Sciences, who has focused on ant research for 13 years, was one of the experts in this event. He explained this 30-hour BioBlitz is a brief scientific research for the public to know more about the environment through conducting biological surveys. During his school guided tours in this event, Dr. Benoit introduced different ant species and their interesting characteristics to secondary students such as the nest building process of Weaver ants.

Weaver ants occur in forest trees. They make ball-shaped nests by making chains of their own bodies to bridge leaves and interweaving the gaps with the silk of the larvae. When they are scared, they spray formic acid from their abdomen to attack the enemy. Our reporter was also attacked by Weaver ants during Dr. Benoit’s demonstration and felt their sting!

Apart from ants, the biodiversity of Tai Tam Tuk is high. Tai Tam Tuk is listed as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) by Hong Kong Government in 1975 and is one of the earliest SSSIs. HK BioBlitz co-founder Jenna Ho Marris said Tai Tam Tuk is only 30-minute travel time from the city but is also where you can find the last mangrove on Hong Kong Island. She hoped the findings can encourage the public to know more about Hong Kong’s rich urban biodiversity.

The first BioBlitz was held in the United States in 1996. There are now more than 13 countries organizing this event. National Geographic sponsers this event every year in the US. Preliminary results for the first BioBlitz in Hong Kong recorded 578 species including 32 bird species, 19 fish species, 170 plant species and 106 moth species.

Hong Kong BioBlitz is part of the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department’s first ever Biodiversity Festival ending with the Hong Kong Biodiversity Carnival on 15 November 2015 in Kowloon Park to promote biodiversity, come and join this fun day out!

Please find the link to Apple Daily Article and Video「本港真蟻俠 俾蟻咬無有怕」 here: http://hk.apple.nextmedia.com/news/art/20151108/19364837

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HKBioBlitz: Preliminary results

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25 October 2015 / Thank you everyone for a fantastic first HKBioBlitz!
Just to recap, we had students from many different local and international schools help out with the sampling on Saturday with experts from many different local institutions and organisations.
The experts continued during the night and ended at 4pm yesterday afternoon at Tai Tam Tuk. Highlights of the find included 2 species of moth that are extremely rare yet native to only Hong Kong, the first record of coral in Tai Tam Bay and the first official record of juvenile horseshoe crabs in Tai Tam mangrove.
Preliminary results show the following was identified in 30 hours:
Coral: 21 species
Birds: 32 species
Polychaetes: 17 species
Small mammals: 6 species
Fish: 19 species
Moths: 104 species
Other insects: 67 species
Spiders: 25 species
Molluscs: 49 species
Other invertebrates (inc. crustaceans) 61 species
Vascular plants: 170 species
Lichens & Fungi: 5 species
Total: 578 species
Stay tuned for updates!
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HKBioBlitz: School groups register now!

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14 August 2015 / HKBioBlitz is open for school applications!

Target: Secondary students (S1-S6 / Grade 6-12) (quota applies, see poster)
Application deadline: 31 August 2015, first-come, first served
Application method: Return completed reply slip (ENG/中文) (FULL)

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HKBioBlitz Information page

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Information sheet: click here.

Presentation: click here.

Stakeholder Engagement Sessions:
Session 1: For Experts
Date: 24 July 2015 (Fri)
Time: 9:30am-12pm
Venue: Tai Tam Tuk Foundation, 56 Tai Tam Tuk Village, HK
Aim: To coordinate stakeholder input in proposed protocol and activities- how can BioBlitzes help the wider public experience HK biodiversity?

Session 2: For Schools
Details: 22 September 2015 @ Civic Exchange (For registered schools only)
Aim: To coordinate stakeholder input in proposed protocol and activities. Facilitated by Civic Exchange.

Session 3: For Experts x Schools
Details: 6 October 2015 @ Civic Exchange (For registered schools only)
Aim: To coordinate stakeholder input in proposed protocol and activities, promote networking between experts and schools. Facilitated by Civic Exchange.

Volunteer training:
Date/Time: 10 Oct 2015 (Sat)
Aim: Familiarise volunteers with site, duties, expectations; educate on wildlife recording, working with the public, countryside code.

BioBlitz Event:
Expert Guided Tours for Schools: 24 October 2015 (Sat) 9:30am-3pm
Expert Surveys: 24-25 October 2015 (Sat-Sun) 4pm-4pm

Project Coordinator Recruitment: (5/8/2015 POSITION FILLED- THANKS FOR THE INTEREST!)
We are looking for a BioBlitz Project Coordinator (4 months contract Aug-Nov 2015).
Job description: click here.

Schools Recruitment:
Poster (ENG /中文).
This event is now open for registration! First come first served, quota applies, deadline for applications 31 August 2015. (FULL)
This is a FREE event sponsored by HKSAR Environment and Conservation Fund!

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HKBioBlitz: First Stakeholder Engagement Session

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24 July 2015 / We had a fantastic first Stakeholder Engagement Session for participating experts, facilitated by Civic Exchange and including a briefing and sharing of the UK BioBlitz experience by Matt Postles of Bristol Natural History Consortium (BNHC)!

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